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The history of astronomy is linked to the history of humanity. Our ancestors already marveled at the spectacle offered by the sky and the phenomena that were presented there.
Given the impossibility of finding an explanation, these wonders of heaven were associated with magic and religion, seeking in them the reason and cause of the phenomena happened on Earth. This, along with the superstition and power that granted the ability to read the destinies in the stars, dominated human beliefs for centuries.
Many years of observation laid the scientific foundations of Astronomy with more approximate explanations about the Universe. However, geocentrist beliefs, supported by religious and political groups with clear interests of domination, imposed for many centuries an erroneous system, also preventing the analysis and study of these sciences. In such social conditions, the history of astronomy was a difficult path.
The evolution and diffusion of scientific theories eventually led to the definitive separation between superstition (Astrology) and science (Astronomy). This evolution has not been peaceful, many of the first astronomers scientists They were persecuted and tried. Today, astronomy and astrology are practically antagonistic and no one with a minimum of culture confuses them.
Since the time of the Renaissance, just over four centuries ago, humanity has entered the discovery of the Cosmos through various types of telescopes and other instruments, optical first, electronic later, digital now.
And in the middle of the 20th century the astronautics. In recent times we have manufactured spacecraft that, with or without human crew, travel through the closest space, even carrying messages for some (for the moment, hypothetical) extraterrestrial civilization.
In this section of Social Sciences we look for the bases and the keys that have led humanity to current astronomical knowledge.
Social Sciences, History of Astronomy:
- Prehistoric astronomy: magic, religion, science?
- Astronomy in ancient times
- Astronomy in ancient Europe
- Astronomy in ancient Egypt
- Astronomy in Babylon
- Classical astronomy
- Astronomy in ancient Greece
- Astronomy in Alexandria
- Astronomy in Rome
- Astronomy in the Visigoda court
- Arab Astronomy
- Astronomy in the Middle Ages
- Astronomy in other cultures
- Astronomy in ancient China
- Mayan Astronomy
- Inca Astronomy
- Aztec Astronomy
- Scientific astronomy
- Astronomy in the Renaissance
- Modern astronomy
- Astronomy in the 18th century
- 19th century astronomy
- Astronomy in the twentieth century (I)
- Astronomy in the twentieth century (II)
- Internet and astronomy
- The era of flights and space travel
- The parents of the Astronautics
- The race to the moon
- NASA's Mercury Project
- NASA's Gemini Program
- The Apollo program
- The arrival to the moon
- The Russian Soyuz program
- Space probes
- The International Space Station. The project
- Construction of the International Space Station
- Space shuttles
- Japan in Astronautics
- The Chinese space program
- Voyager-1 leaves the Solar System
- The Sunjammer heading for the Sun
- History of celestial mechanics
- Celestial mechanics in Greece and Rome
- How did the stars move in the Middle Ages?
- Celestial mechanics according to Kepler
- Newton, calculation and gravity
- Lagrange Points
- Precision and rigor of Simon Newcomb
- Einstein and his relativity in Celestial Mechanics
- The perturbation theory
- History of astronomical observation
- Origin of the celestial observation
- Observe the sky with the naked eye
- A handmade telescope
- The reflector telescope
- History of the radio telescope
- Photography in astronomical observation
- Spectroscopy in astronomy
- Mechatronics in astronomy
- Mars exploration history
- First Soviet missions on Mars
- First attempts, the Mariner program
- We arrived on Mars: the Viking program
- Mars Global Surveyor, NASA success
- Mars Pathfinder on the surface of Mars
- The Odyssey and Express missions
- Mars Exploration Rovers
- Mars from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
- The Russian mission of Phobos-Grunt
- The Curiosity Rover
- The MAVEN and MOM missions
- The future of exploration on Mars