Category History

We arrived on Mars: the Viking program
History

We arrived on Mars: the Viking program

We arrived on Mars: the Viking program NASA's Viking Project managed to gain a foothold in the history of the exploration of Mars by becoming the first US mission that landed on the red planet. The ships that were launched within this program managed to safely reach the Martian surface and return images to Earth.

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History

The parents of the Astronautics

The parents of Astronautics Romanian Hermann Julius Oberth, Russian Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and American Robert Goddard are considered the parents of astronautics. They never collaborated together, but between the three they established the theoretical and practical bases necessary for the birth and subsequent development of current astronautics.
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History

Observe the sky with the naked eye

Observe the sky with the naked eye Curiosity and the need to know what was happening in the sky has led man from its origins to observe it carefully. Long before the appearance of the telescope and other technologies, astronomical calculations were already performed with the naked eye or the naked eye.
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History

Astronomy in the Visigoda court

Astronomy in the Visigoth court Despite being one of the darkest stages in history, in the Visigoth court there was a time when interest in science and knowledge was reborn, based on Greece and Rome. The godo king Sisebuto obtained the crown of Hispania in 612 after being elected among the nobles and reigned until the year 621.
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History

Origin of the celestial observation

Origin of the celestial observation It all started with the appearance of the human being on earth. The fact that there were periods of light alternating with others of darkness must have been the first signal for man to look at the heavens. The following was the variations that produced the proximity or distance from the sun, responsible for seasonal changes.
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History

The era of flights and space travel

The era of flights and space travel The navigation performed between the stars is called astronautics, that is, carried out outside the Earth. It is also known as cosmonautics, since it is also performed in the cosmos. The astronautic term has been used more in the west, hence the crews of western spacecraft are known as astronauts, while in the former USSR they were known as cosmonauts, or cosmos navigators.
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History

A handmade telescope

A handmade telescope In the year 1609, the mathematician Galileo created a homemade telescope of 8 magnifications. With him he demonstrated to the authorities of Venice, in Italy, the full potential of this new instrument. The demonstration with his telescope earned him the position of mathematician and philosopher in Florence, in the service of Cosme II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
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History

Einstein and his relativity in Celestial Mechanics

Einstein and his relativity in Celestial Mechanics Albert Einstein never agreed with the accuracy of Newton's theory regarding the movement of the planets. What Einstein did was to apply his Theory of General Relativity to celestial mechanics, demonstrating the existence of gravitational radiation, a discovery that led him, along with other important contributions, to obtain the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 .
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History

Celestial mechanics according to Kepler

Celestial mechanics according to Kepler The German astronomer and mathematician Johannes Kepler owes, in the seventeenth century, the creation of laws on the movement of planets in their orbit around the Sun. Having studied most of the existing theories, since Pythagoras to Copernicus, passing through the geocentrism of Ptolemy, Kepler developed with his own physical principles modern laws of planetary orbits.
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History

Spectroscopy in astronomy

Spectroscopy in astronomy Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and matter. For its part, astronomical spectroscopy is this same technique applied to astronomy. Where appropriate, the object of study is the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation that emanates from stars and other celestial objects.
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History

The Sunjammer heading for the Sun

The Sunjammer heading for the Sun The Sunjammer solar sail is a space project launched by scientists from Imperial College London and NASA together. Your mission will be to travel to the Sun to evaluate the effectiveness of current solar candle technology. British scientists are designing the mission magnetometer (MAGIC) and a wind analyzer (SWAN).
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History

Mechatronics in astronomy

Mechatronics in astronomy Mechatronics consists in the hunting integration of mechanical engineering with electronics and with the control of intelligent computers. "Mechatronics" is a fairly recent term. It emerged as such in Japan, in the 80s of the last century. Its purpose is to design and create new products and processes.
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History

First Soviet missions on Mars

First Soviet missions on Mars The beginnings of the Soviet program for the exploration of Mars did not reap much success. The Mars1 M program (nicknamed Marsnik in most Western media) was the first Soviet program to send an unmanned spacecraft for interplanetary exploration.
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History

Photography in astronomical observation

Photography in astronomical observation Astronomical photography or astrophotography is an exciting technique that allows you to capture images of celestial bodies. The use of photography in astronomy offers a number of advantages over observation with the naked eye. Astrophotography allows to capture those radiations of intensity too weak to be perceived by the human eye.
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History

Astrotourism

Astrotourism Astronomical observation, both with the naked eye and with binoculars or telescopes, has given rise to astrotourism in recent years. It is a concept of tourism based on contemplation and the study of the night sky. In Spain there are towns that have strongly opted for this new and ecological tourism project.
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History

Mars Pathfinder on the surface of Mars

Mars Pathfinder on the surface of Mars The Mars Pathfinder was a US-launched spacecraft that landed on Mars on July 4, 1997. This was an important step in the exploration of Mars, as it was originally designed as a technological test. It was tried to verify if it was possible to send a landing module with various instruments to the red planet, but, above all, if it was possible to put a robotic rover on the surface of the red planet.
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History

The reflector telescope

The reflecting telescope A reflecting telescope is one that uses one or more mirrors to reflect the light and form an image. Due to the use of mirrors, they are also known as cathropic telescopes. The origin of the first reflector telescope is uncertain. The use of concave and convex mirrors located at angles to observe at great distances is attributed to Leonard Dignes.
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History

NASA's Gemini Program

NASA's Gemini Program In 1965, two years after the end of the Mercury Project, NASA launched the Gemini Program. Although he did not have as much follow-up among public opinion as the first, it was definitive for the subsequent and successful Apollo program, which managed to put a man on the Moon.
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History

Lagrange Points

Lagrange's Points Following the advances made by Isaac Newton in the field of celestial mechanics, the Italian astronomer, physicist and mathematician Joseph-Louis Lagrange provided new clues in the area of ​​classical mechanics. Between the studies and diverse contributions of Lagrange they emphasize the gravitation of ellipsoides; the secular equation of the Moon; the movement of the nodes of the orbit of a planet or the stability of the planetary orbits.
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History

First attempts, the Mariner program

First attempts, the Mariner program Between 1962 and 1973 NASA designed and built 10 spaceships called Mariner, within the homonymous program that aimed to explore the inner Solar System, and not just Mars exploration. For this mission the Mariner 3 and 4 ships were designed, which were intended to carry out the first overflights on Mars.
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History

We arrived on Mars: the Viking program

We arrived on Mars: the Viking program NASA's Viking Project managed to gain a foothold in the history of the exploration of Mars by becoming the first US mission that landed on the red planet. The ships that were launched within this program managed to safely reach the Martian surface and return images to Earth.
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